Vet Minute: How to Help a Cat Have Kittens
What can you do to help a cat in labor? While most cats are quite independent when it comes time for queening, in this Vet Minute, Revival's Director of Veterinary Services, Dr. Marty Greer, shares some ideas on what you can do help make the queening process more comfortable for your pregnant cat. Dr. Greer will address nesting areas, nutrition, supplements and other tips on how to help a queening cat.
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Video TranscriptShelley: Time for a Vet Minute with Revival's Director of Veterinary Services, Dr. Marty Greer. Dr. Greer the question is what can I do to help a cat have kittens?
Dr. Greer: The first thing we will talk about is that queening is the process of having kittens and whelping is the process of having puppies. So to get the right terminology we want to be clear about that. Some cats are really pretty private about this and they may not necessarily want you to help too much, but it's likely you don't want these kittens born in a laundry basket in the closet so it's a good idea to have some preparation of someplace that is appropriate for her to have the kittens. My breeder clients that raise cats do recommend that we use something like a popup crate or a zipper crate that you can move around the house so that it can be where it's convenient for her to have it, it's a nice quiet area so you can move it to a room where there's not too much commotion or activity. You don't need to have a bunch of little kids running in and out of the room during the process of queening. And the zip up crate gives you the access of you can reach in and out but you can keep her confined so she doesn't take off. Then they also recommend having a nesting box for her to queen in so it can be a litter box that's been unused as a litter box or a storage box that's nice and large so she has room in there to have the kittens and it is easy to cleanup, it is plastic, it's clean, it's not sterile, but it's very clean. And then you can use the Breeder's Edge whelping pads that we sell for the surface that the kittens can be born on. It's got good absorbency, it's got good traction, so during cat labor she's got some place to kind of move her feet into so the kittens don't come out, slip sliding around, because they've got a nice absorbent surface that is warm on the underside where they are born. Of course a heat source underneath them, because we want to make sure we keep the kittens warm during the birthing process, especially when they are first born and they are kind of wet. It takes a little time for them to dry off. So I like to have a heated surface underneath part of the box, but not the entire box so that if the kittens are too cold they can move to a warm area, if it's too cool they can move to a different area. Then some lubricant like KY jelly or Priority Care with a feeding tube of sorts that you can insert into the vagina of the cat if you need to put some lubricant in. Kittens are 40 percent of the time born with the backend first or feet first, that's not a breech birth. Sixty percent are born headfirst. And sometime when they are coming backend first, the hair because of the direction that it grows, if the kitten gets a little dry it gets a little tough for the female to pass it, so lubricant can be very helpful. You can put it on a gloved finger, you can put it in with a tube. Of course you want to wear gloves, you don't want to put your finger into the vagina, or pull on a kitten without wearing gloves because you want to keep everything as clean as possible so there's less risk of her developing an infection. And then the Breeder's Edge Oral Cal Plus gel that we use for puppies and for female dogs during labor can also be used on the queens during their labors. And the dose for that would start at the time of labor, not to exceed 1 cc per dose, but can be repeated several times during labor. We know calcium improves the quality of uterine contractions, even if we don't use any oxytocin. Sometimes a wee bit of oxytocin is a good idea, but it needs to be just a tiny little dose. So we like to stick to the calcium gel as much as possible. Make sure that the queen is on an appropriate pregnancy diet, so she's got enough calcium. So a kitten diet would be appropriate during her pregnancy. Many times these cats don't need a lot of help. If they're purebred cats or they're struggling a bit to have their kittens, then you may want to intervene. But many cats do very well on their own as long as you've got a controlled setting that is quiet and safe for her to have her kittens.
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