8 Top Pet Health IssuesLast updated: May 11, 2022
Over the course of a year, there are successes and struggles when it comes to caring for pets.
Revival Pet Care Pros have helped customers overcome, manage and come up with prevention plans for many pet health challenges. We've put together a list of the most common pet health issues we have helped with.
- Parvo in Puppies Parvovirus is a highly contagious disease that is often fatal. It affects poorly vaccinated animals and the most commonly affected are age five to eight weeks but there is a high risk for those under one year. Always remember that any unprotected dog can get the disease. Symptoms include anorexia, depression, vomiting and diarrhea. Parvo puppies also won't drink. Revival Pet Care Pro Lisa offers this advice when dealing with parvo:
- Coccidia and Giardia in Dogs and Cats Coccidia and giardia are both intestinal parasites that cause diarrhea. Coccidia impacts both dogs and cats; however, keep in mind treatment and prevention plans are very different for these two species. Coccidia is spread through feces and is a major problem for babies under eight weeks old. Giardia affects animals of any age and usually is spread by drinking contaminated water. Both can be spread from mom to baby. Revival Pet Care Pro Darwin offers this advice when dealing with coccidia and giardia:
- Nursing Puppy Loss Most of the time moms are great at giving newborn puppies or kittens what they need. But there are some things you should always watch for, so at the first sign of trouble, you know what to do. Here is advice from Pet Care Pro, Gina, on preventing nursing puppy loss:
- Heat Cycle Issues There are several factors that can influence a female dog's heat cycle. It's important to know that while heat cycles vary from female to female, they are consistent for each individual. Therefore, if you notice a change in a female's heat cycle that indicates something isn't right. Revival Pet Care Pro Michelle offers this advice when dealing with heat cycle issues:
- Calcium Deficiencies Calcium is a critical tool to help during whelping. It helps lead to effective uterine contractions during whelping which in turn can speed up the birthing process. However, knowing when and how much to use is important to ensure mom gets the help she needs. Revival Pet Care Pro Michelle offers this advice when dealing with calcium deficiencies:
- Fleas Adult female fleas can lay 50 to 100 eggs a day, which means if these eggs are laid on your pet, they will eventually fall off your pet into the environment. That's why treating fleas involves more than just killing the fleas on your pet. Revival Pet Care Pro Lisa offers this advice when dealing with fleas:
- Campylobacter in Dogs and Cats Campylobacteriosis is a disease that affects both animals and people. It is most commonly spread when an animal eats food or water that has been contaminated. In humans, it is spread through eating raw meats, especially chicken. It can cause diarrhea, vomiting, cramping and fever and is most dangerous for puppies or kittens under six months old. Revival Pet Care Pro Deedee offers this advice when dealing with campylobacteriosis:
- Canine Herpesvirus Canine herpesvirus is a disease that impacts mostly young puppies. It is estimated that approximately 70 percent of dogs carry this virus. Symptoms vary depending on the dog's age and sex. Some of the more common symptoms can include fetal loss, premature birth, anorexia, lethargy and puppy death. Revival Pet Care Pro Kevin offers this advice when dealing with canine herpesvirus:
"We prevent parvo by vaccinating the puppies starting at six weeks of age with a 5-way vaccine. The immunity they get from mom will wane so the longer one waits to vaccinate, leaves them wide open for wild parvo virus. Proper disinfection is also critical for parvo prevention. I recommend using disinfectants such as Rescue Disinfectant or Virkon. Give me a call and I would be happy to help go over the vaccination schedule or disinfection options with you," says Lisa.
For more information, read the article Parvo in Dogs and Puppies.
"Cleaning up any feces as soon as possible is important to help prevent the spreading of both coccidia and giardia in dogs and cats. The most common misunderstanding of coccidia and giardia is not knowing the difference between them. Both are considered parasites but they have completely different ways of working (or not working) with the intestines. When it comes to treatment for coccidia we generally use Sulfamethoxazole Trimethoprim, Albon or Ponazuril. For giardia we use Metronidazole or Fenbendazole. Also, probiotics such as Doc Roy's GI Synbiotics are a must!" says Darwin.
For more information, check out these articles: Coccidia in Dogs and Cats and Giardia in Dogs and Cats.
"It's important to get the puppies nursing as soon as they are born. Part of this is starting mom on lactation support such as Breeder's Edge Oxy Momma three days before whelping to make sure her body is ready to nurse when the need arises. Puppies that gain weight consistently resist most issues when exposed. I recommend having a quality digital scale to weigh the puppies before and after nursing to track weight gain. When you see issues in the first four weeks chilling is the number one cause of death. Dehydration is number two. A Puppywarmer Incubator or heating pads help keep newborns warm and electrolytes are always useful to help with dehydration," says Gina.
For more information, watch the Neonatal Puppy Care webinar.
"One of the most common causes of dog heat cycle issues are vitamin deficiencies. I always suggest to have females on good vitamins. I recommend Breeder's Edge B Strong," says Michelle.
For more information, check out the article Dog Heat Cycle Basics in the Revival Learning Center.
"I recommend giving pregnant moms Breeder's Edge Oral Cal Plus during whelping. Sometimes people assume that Tums, cottage cheese or ice cream will fix a calcium deficiency, but they won't. A small amount of Oral Cal Plus gel works great," says Michelle.
For more information, check out the article How to Use Colostrum Replacers and Calcium for Dogs in the Revival Learning Center.
"Prevention is the key. Prevent by using a flea and tick product on your dogs as well as spraying your yard. Many people don't realize how quickly one flea becomes many and why it is necessary to treat the kennel, house and premises. The K-9 Advantix II works well as a topical. For a chewable, check into Bravecto. When treating the house, use sprays such as Mycodex Plus Environmental Control Aerosol Household Spray. When treating the yard, Permethrin 10% is an inexpensive product that works well for fleas, ticks, and other parasites," says Lisa.
For more information, read the article How to Get Rid of Fleas or use The Revival Flea and Tick Finder to easily discover the best flea and tick preventative for your pet.
"The best thing anyone can do is prevention. Give moms an effective probiotic the last two weeks of pregnancy and the first two weeks after. You want her to pass only good bacteria to pups when nursing and cleaning them. I strongly recommend Doc Roy's GI Synbiotics or you can use D.E.S. Health-Gard. You'll want to use one of these because they won't wash out in the digestive process and will cultivate and grow more good bacteria," says Deedee.
For more information, read the article Campylobacteriosis in Dogs.
"Since herpes can go through the air, disinfecting and good hygiene is important. I recommend disinfecting with Animal Facility Disinfectant, Rescue Disinfectant or Virkon. Handwashing is critical after dealing with each mom and litter. The most common way puppies get herpes is when passing through the birth canal. I always recommend keeping mom and litter separate from the rest of your kennel for the first three weeks after the puppies are born. If exposed, puppies generally do not make it. If puppies are exposed, keep them hydrated with electrolytes such as Breeder's Edge Puppy Lyte. Since herpes is temperature-sensitive, it can also help to put puppies under a heat lamp or in an incubator at 101° F for two weeks if they are exposed to stop the herpesvirus from reproducing. That temperature is too hot for mom, so every two hours bring the puppies to mom to eat," Kevin.
For more information, check out the article Canine Herpesvirus.
Shelley Hexom is Revival's Content Manager and helps develop educational pet health resources. A three-time Emmy Award-winning news anchor, Shelley works with Revival's Director of Veterinary Services, Dr. Marty Greer, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, to help create useful and easy-to-understand articles, videos, and webinars. Shelley received her bachelor's degree in Mass Communications from Winona State University in 2002. As a pet owner, Shelley enjoys time with her Boxer mix, Sally. Shelley has been part of the Revival Paw Squad since 2016.
The materials, information and answers provided through this website are not intended to replace the medical advice or services of your personal veterinarian or other pet health care professional. Consult your own veterinarian for answers to specific medical questions, including diagnosis, treatment, therapy or medical attention.