How to Help Stray Cats and Feral FelinesCats are becoming ever more popular as household companions. Most people that have cats as pets have more than one and keep them safe and sound indoors. However, not every cat has a warm, safe home to call their own. So what should cat fanciers do if they encounter an unknown feline outside? Are they lost? Have they been abandoned? Are they feral? Here are some tips on what to do if you encounter a kitty outside and how you can potentially help them.
Caring for a Stray CatIt's an unfortunate fact that there are many cats that do not have families to call their own. Feline overpopulation is a harsh reality and communities all over the world have feral populations of cats. Some communities embrace these feral feline populations and revere them while some do quite the opposite. If you encounter an unknown feline outside, the first thing to remember is that safety, both yours and the cats, is the primary consideration.
Some cats outside can be friendly, while others may be scared, injured or both and resistant to capture. If you can safely touch and restrain an unknown cat you find outside, and need to bring it into your house, be sure that you can isolate the cat away from other pets in your house.
If the cat is ill or injured, it's best to get them to a veterinarian right away so they can get the help they need. A veterinarian can also scan the cat for a microchip and if there is one, can go about trying to reunite the cat and the owner. If the cat is not microchipped and has been treated for any injuries or illness, the next best place to inquire is with local animal shelters or rescues. If someone's cat goes missing, they often reach out to these organizations to let them know their pet is missing. If the cat is not owned, but is adoptable, these organizations can get them spayed or neutered, vaccinated and potentially adopted out to loving homes.
How to Catch a Feral CatIf the cat is not friendly or scared and you cannot safely bring it into your house, there are still some things you can do to attempt to get the cat to safety. Some rescue organizations have the ability to set live traps in the area the cat is staying to try and safely capture the cat. Live traps are also available for purchase at farm stores, but live trapping a cat is sometimes difficult, and the trap must be monitored closely and is sometimes best left to the experts.
TNR for CatsColonies of cat are somewhat of a different animal. Cats will sometimes gather in groups, which is counter to their nature, mostly in order to utilize resources. It may be in an area that is abundant in resources, or an area that has good shelter and protection. Most cats in this situation are truly feral and not good candidates for adoption, with some exceptions. In order to make sure these colonies do not outgrow their resources, some communities have instituted Trap-Neuter-Release (TNR) programs. These programs go out and live trap the cats, spay and neuter them and vaccinate them (mostly for rabies) and then release them back into the area they were trapped. These cats are usually ear-tipped (the very tip of the ear removed surgically) to identify them as being already sterilized. They can then go about their lives in the community. TNR programs are controversial. Some people feel that colonies of feral cats are a nuisance and damage wildlife populations. However, the harsh reality is that these cats are already in their situation due to no fault of their own, and if left to multiply, the resulting population would be a far greater issue.
Finally, if you don't feel comfortable trying to bring in a cat that may be hanging around outside, and you aren't able to find a group able to help, simply providing shelter, good food and clean water will go a long way to making the cat's life a little easier.
If you have cat health questions, call a Revival Pet Care Pro at 800.786.4751.
Amy Hanson, DVM, contributing veterinarian at Revival Animal Health
About Dr. Hanson: Dr. Amy Hanson is an associate veterinarian at Potwin Pet Clinic in Topeka, Kansas. She is a 2010 graduate of Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Her special interests include felines, acupuncture and dentistry. Her hobbies include showing cats and she is a judge for the American Cat Fanciers Association (ACFA).
The materials, information and answers provided through this website are not intended to replace the medical advice or services of your personal veterinarian or other pet health care professional. Consult your own veterinarian for answers to specific medical questions, including diagnosis, treatment, therapy or medical attention.