Puppy Vaccination: The Importance of Planning AheadLast updated: May 16, 2018
Giving puppies a vaccination the day before or the day of moving to their forever home, won't give the puppy the protection he needs. Don't expect immunity immediately after you pull the needle out. It takes two weeks to receive the full benefits of a vaccine.
StressThe stress of moving to a new home is hard enough on a puppy, so your goal is to not add to this stress. Make sure puppies are given their vaccines to date at least one to two weeks before being moved to their new home. Not the night before. A puppy can deal with a new home or deal with a vaccine, but not both. That means he may not get the protection desired from the vaccination. I recommend breeders give two parvo vaccines and one distemper, at least one week before going to a new home.
Puppy Allergic Reaction to VaccineThe risk of puppy vaccine allergic reactions are the second reason not to vaccinate right before the puppy leaves. Thankfully, the reaction rate in vaccine use is low, less than one percent. Nevertheless, that doesn't mean it's something we can ignore. Allergic reactions can happen to any dog; however, smaller breeds under three pounds have a slightly higher rate of reactions or sensitivity than larger breeds.
Two Most Common Times for Reactions to Vaccines:
- During the first three hours after the vaccine is given. The immediate reaction is the most common type of reaction. When this happens, most puppies just sit and don't want to play or eat. They definitely won't push in to compete with littermates for food, so watch for this and treat it if you see it. Swollen faces are less common, but if you notice this, it should be treated with an antihistamine.
- From three to five days. Delayed reactions are usually milder and easy to treat. The puppy typically aches all over and doesn't want to participate with their littermates. Treat with an antihistamine when you see it.
Donald Bramlage, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Former Director of Veterinary Services at Revival Animal Health
Donald Bramlage, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, practiced veterinary medicine for 30+ years and is known for his work in managing parvovirus. He received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine from Kansas State University in 1985. He served as Revival's Director of Veterinary Services from 2011 until his retirement in 2019.
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The materials, information and answers provided through this website are not intended to replace the medical advice or services of your personal veterinarian or other pet health care professional. Consult your own veterinarian for answers to specific medical questions, including diagnosis, treatment, therapy or medical attention.