Facility Management, Fleas, Puppy and Kitten Care, Vaccines
November 29, 2022
Last updated: August 02, 2016
Managing new arrivals in a rescue is about getting as much prevention as possible for the money spent! We must assume they have had no vaccine; so we need to get their immunity up quickly. Our canine friends will need to be vaccinated for Parvo and Distemper and our felines will need protection against Panleukopenia, Herpes and Calici. We assume our new arrivals have internal and external parasites. Deworm for all internal and external parasites including ear mites. In two weeks we want to booster and re-visit the parasite prevention. Hopefully by then, they are at a good weight and ready to be placed in a new home.
Day one is about getting immunity up as quickly as possible. In fact, in a disease outbreak, it is best to vaccinate before the addition breathes the air the rest of the cats and dogs breathe! Getting immunity up quickly is that important!
- Cats are tested immediately for FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus) and FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) on arrival.
- If negative, vaccinate with FVRCP + FeLV vaccine of your choice. This covers prevention for Feline Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia and Feline Leukemia.
- Adult dogs over four months of age should be tested for Heartworm on arrival and vaccinated with a 5-way vaccine such as DAPPv. This vaccine prevents Canine Distemper, Adenovirus Type 1, Adenovirus Type 2, Parainfluenza and Parvovirus.
Fleas are our number one priority! We don't want to introduce them into our holding area and have to get them back out!
- Spray or give a bath with a shampoo that will kill fleas, ticks and lice on contact. Doing this will quickly kill adult fleas and ticks plus break the flea life cycle. Caution: Do not use alcohol base products on puppies or kittens under eight weeks of age.
- Topical flea treatment is needed if fleas are present and Advantage Multi® is most commonly used. Don't hesitate to ask us about your options for fleas.
Stray cats and dogs can also be carrying a large volume of roundworms and we want to remove them without blocking intestine which can happen when killing large numbers at once. We prefer to kill them over three or four days so they can be passed without colic issues.
- I recommend Fenbendazole (Panacur®) as it gets five different parasites and kills over three days to avoid blocking the intestine and creating tummy upset. Veterinarians commonly use 25 mg per pound for dogs or cats and treat for three days in a row minimum.*
- Pyrantel is a good dewormer but it only covers roundworms and hookworms. This is a good follow-up dewormer as it is one day only and inexpensive.
- If using Pyrantel alone, stack Praziquantel to get tapeworms.
- Do not use Praziquantel with pregnant animals.
- After three days, Veterinarians have used Topical 0.5% Ivomec at 1 ml per 20 lb.*
- Do not use Ivomec with Collies, Shelties or cross-Collie breeds.
- Ivomec will remove any external parasites including ear mites, mange, and lice plus remove any roundworms that may be lingering. Repeat this treatment in one week to get mite eggs that will hatch.
- If you rescue a Collie or Sheltie, Revolution® is a good choice for these breeds. Repeat in 14 days if you know you have mites.
- All cat and dog additions should have their ears cleaned on arrival. Vet Basics® General Ear Cleanser and Eradimite (not recommended for nursing puppies or kittens) is a good choice for topical treatment. Clean daily for three days especially if there is a lot of wax and debris in the ears as we want them cleared of issues when sent to next home!
It's all about getting them to their new home as soon as possible where they will be happy and hugged. Parasite free and virus free at the next veterinarian is important for PR and general health. That is your goal. If you need help with a puppy pack to send to the new home let us know.
If you need help, call us at 800.786.4751.
– Dr. B
Donald Bramlage, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Former Director of Veterinary Services at Revival Animal Health
Donald Bramlage, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, practiced veterinary medicine for 30+ years and is known for his work in managing parvovirus. He received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine from Kansas State University in 1985. He served as Revival's Director of Veterinary Services from 2011 until his retirement in 2019.