Vitamins for the Breeding Female


While bitches within a single kennel may cycle at different times of the year, individuals should be predictable from cycle to cycle. Each dog should have a consistent cycle, whelping at the same from year to year. If your dog struggles with inconsistent heat cycles, she may have a vitamin deficiency. If her cycles last longer than 6-7 months, your dogs will benefit from vitamin supplementation. If the intervals are predictably 6-7 months, which is a normal duration, you do not need supplements.

A customer came to us with a problem: their average heat cycle was over 9 months. We suggested implementing daily vitamins. After re-evaluating the kennel, we found they now average 6-7 months as predicted. The kennel owners admitted that they doubted we could help their females, but they were delighted with the results! For the first time, they knew when bitches would be in, and that helps breeding and sales! If repeat customers want a certain breed, we can now give a date when the babies will be available. Proper vitamin supplementation makes knowing when a female will cycle and whelp an achievable goal.


Breeding females have higher nutritional demands than other dogs, and vitamins can help us keep her healthy. Doc Roy's® Daily Care vitamins will help mom restore any nutrient deficiency quickly after weaning. No need for a prenatal vitamin between cycles - an inexpensive daily vitamin will successfully supplement dietary vitamins. When mom is ready to cycle again, we want to ensure that all the building blocks for successful breeding are ready. If mom doesn’t get enough vitamins before pregnancy, she may give you a small litter or no litter at all.


Mom’s vitamin and mineral requirements elevate during pregnancy and nursing. Females can store some vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, and use them during pregnancy. Once pregnant, the female will deplete the vitamins and minerals to maintain and raise the litter, pulling nutrients out of her tissues, bones, and teeth. Prenatal vitamins, like Breeders' Edge® Oxy Mate Prenatal, keep that deficiency to a minimum.

Because mom must produce enough milk to nourish all of her puppies, her body’s calorie and nutrient demands reach a lifetime high. Breeders' Edge® Oxy Momma is designed to supply the nursing mother with vitamins/herbs needed to bring her into milk and keep her milking! Many breeders do a great job supporting moms during pregnancy; however, maintaining this support during lactation and recovery from whelping is vital for future pregnancies. Mother Nature makes sure the current pregnancy does not suffer, but issues will show up during the next pregnancy. Cycling problems, weak heats, and struggles to get pregnant can occur - all of which are preventable with proper vitamin supplementation during a mom’s previous pregnancy.


Puppies are born with all the red blood cells (RBCs) they will have until six weeks, when they begin to make RBCs for themselves. As the puppy grows, their size double every 10 days, but their RBCs do not change until six weeks. Supplementing mom with the needed vitamins and iron ensures that babies are born with as many RBCs as possible and gives puppies that fight to live! Failing to provide mom with enough vitamins and iron will cause anemic, weak puppies.

Managing females is all about getting the sire and dam’s genetics to the next generation. A consistent, predictable, fertile heat cycle is the basis of getting that done, and in today’s kennel, that requires added vitamins. When we take better care of mom, she comfortably raises better puppies – and more of them! We give vitamins to dog moms to keep them as healthy as they can be; this way, they will then deliver puppies as healthy as puppies can be!

If you need help, call us at 1-800-786-4751.

-Dr. B
Don Bramlage, DVM, Director of Veterinary Services at Revival Animal Health

The materials, information and answers provided through this website are not intended to replace the medical advice or services of your personal veterinarian or other pet health care professional. Consult your own veterinarian for answers to specific medical questions, including diagnosis, treatment, therapy or medical attention.

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