Salix® is a prescription drug used in dogs, cats and horses as a primary treatment for cases of congestive heart failure and other causes of fluid retention. It helps reduce the amount of fluid in the body by increasing the volume of urine passed by stopping the reabsorption of sodium and chloride. It has many uses including: treating pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs) that occurs as a result of non-cardiogenic disease; treating chronic bronchitis as furosemide can act as a respiratory airway dilator; and treating kidney disease when the kidneys have shut down and stopped producing urine. Furosemide has also been useful in treating false pregnancies and exercise induced nose bleeds in horses.
12.5 mg tablets - Each tablet contains 12.5 milligrams of furosemide: 4-chloro-N-furfuryl-5-sulfamoylanthranilic acid.
Possible Side Effects:
- Salix may cause the skin to be more sensitive to sunlight and sunburn may occur.
- If given in excess, may result in dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Early signs of electrolyte imbalance are increased thirst, lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue, oliguria, gastro-intestinal disturbances and tachycardia. If you see any of these signs, contact your veterinarian.
- Excessive amounts may also lead to the reduction of plasma volume, increasing the risk of circulatory collapse, thrombosis and embolism. The pet should be observed for early signs of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
- Less commonly may see an increase in blood glucose level; anemia, resulting in pale gums, tiredness, or weakness; a decrease in white blood cells, making the animal more susceptible to infections; stomach or intestinal disorders, with vomiting or diarrhea.
- Cats: May affect hearing or balance, or cause tilt of head.
- Pets who eat and drink normally are less likely to experience side effects.
- If your pet experiences an allergic reaction contact your veterinarian immediately. Signs of reaction include facial swelling, hives, scratching, sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures, pale gums, cold limbs, or coma.
Store at room temperature in a tight, light resistant, child proof container.
Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children and pets.
- This medication should not be used in pregnant or nursing animals.
- Do not administer Salix if your pet is not urinating.
- Salix will make the pet urinate more frequently and drinking water should be readily available to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
- If your animal has any of the following conditions or an allergy to sulfa drugs, talk to your veterinarian about alternative medication and the risks/benefits of using Salix. Conditions include anuria (inability to produce urine), progressive kidney disease, electrolyte imbalances, water loss (dehydration), liver disease, diabetes mellitus, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Do not give larger amounts of Salix, or give it for a longer period of time than recommended by your veterinarian.
- Consult your veterinarian regarding physical examinations and testing necessary prior to and during treatment with Salix.
- People with hypersensitivity to sulfa drugs should not handle Salix, or wear gloves and use extreme caution if they do, since allergic reactions could occur just from contact.
- Some drugs can interact with this medication; tell your veterinarian about any drugs or foods that you currently give your animal. Do not give new medications without first consulting your veterinarian.
- If your pet shows any sign of toxicity/overdose contact your veterinary immediately. Signs include hearing loss, electrolyte imbalances, dehydration, lethargy, coma, seizures, heart failure/collapse, and kidney damage, with increased thirst and urination.
- Prescription required. May be given with or without food.
- If you miss a dose of this medication you should give it as soon as you remember it, but if it is within a few hours of the regularly scheduled dose, wait and continue with regular dosing schedule. Do not double a dose of this medication.
- Use of Salix should be discontinued after reduction of edema. For long-term treatment, the dose can typically be lowered after the edema has been reduced. Re-examination will determine an extended dosage schedule.
- This medication should only be given to the pet for whom it was prescribed.